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The research paradigm – methodology, epistemology and ontology – explained in simple language

❶The Counseling Psychologist , 35 2 , The danger of such technical versions is that they may, inadvertently, reinforce and uphold some actors' world views and overshadow others'.




Of the 23 trials they identified, 12 were methodologically sound enough to include in their analysis. The analysis revealed that some statistically significant weight loss occurred, but the magnitude of the effect is small and the clinical relevance is uncertain. They also found that gastrointestinal adverse events were twice as likely in the hydroxycitric acid group as in the placebo group.

When you are considering the potential benefits of products look for meta-analysis studies that take in all the sound research available. One-off studies that get a significant result are not evidence of anything.


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Identification of ontology at the start of the research process is critically important as it determines the choice of the research design. The figure below illustrates the consequent impact of ontology on the choice of research methods via epistemology, research approach, research strategy and methods of data collection and data analysis.

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What on earth are Ontology and Epistemology? Dr Sally Vanson I am an NLP Master Trainer, sit on the accreditation panel of ANLP, the Research Committee of ICF and am CEO of The Performance Solution where as well as training professional coaches to get accreditation through ICF, we have designed, developed and run the world’s.

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Epistemology, Ontology & Research Practice! 4 key items in the construction and process of research: 1. Methods - techniques or procedures 2. Methodology - strategy, plan or design linking the choice of methods to the desired outcomes 3. Theoretical perspectives - our philosophical stance. What is participatory research methodology? What is its ontology, epistemology and research methods examples? Key features of the participatory research methods included gaining permission.

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This ontological rupture enables the avoidance of the remnants of realistic ontology, so frequent in the Epistemology of the Knowing Subject, even if the interpretive paradigm is assumed and qualitative research carried out. Our Research Methods pages are designed to help you choose and then use the right research method for your purposes. They cover the whole process of research, from understanding the philosophical theory underpinning your choice of method, through choosing the methods that you will use to answer your research question, to .