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Middle Ages – Paper Models

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❶Pacific Design Center, Melrose Ave.

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The Middle Ages in Western Europe
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Times art critic Christopher Knight describes the show as the best Hammer biennial yet. Schindler House, N. Kings Road, West Hollywood, makcenter. In its day, the ancient city of Teotihuacan was the largest urban center in the Americas — and the sixth-largest city in the world. Today, it is an iconic Mexican archaeological site. It includes more than objects that help tell the story of the ancient city, including monumental sculpture and smaller-scale objects such as precious stones.

Inspired by the title of a Kathy Acker novel, this exhibition features work by 20 non-male artists who explore issues of the body, identity and gaze. The multimedia artist is known for her bulbous assemblages crafted from old clothing and fabric, which she twists and ties and suspends from gallery ceilings and walls. Her paintings echo these bound and squeezed forms. Her first solo show at CAAM brings together works that evoke questions of homelessness and itinerancy.

Bamboo baskets are often thought of purely as functional objects: A pair of artists explore aspects of Western landscape through abstraction. This exhibition at the Getty explores the cultural connections between Greece, Rome and Egypt through more than rare objects — many on view in the U.

The show spans more than 2, years, from the Bronze Age to the late Roman Empire and includes stone vessels, pottery, sculpture, portraits and religious imagery. It also includes a more than foot granite obelisk from A. The Los Angeles artist, who recently received a prestigious Guggenheim Fellowship, is known for creating multimedia collages and assemblages that take photographic imagery from his own archive and then presents them in ways that comment on representations of blackness and the African diaspora.

Saar Ceramics, at its height, would go on to employ a staff of eight and produce functional and decorative pieces with elegantly rendered abstract designs and charming animal figures. Does the name sound familiar? Also on view will be sculptures and the painted rugs he makes in honor of individual migrants who perished attempting to realize that dream. Broadway, Santa Ana, grandcentralartcenter. In the s, photographer John Divola explored the homes and other buildings that were condemned by an expansion of LAX airport in an area referred to as the Noise Abatement Zone.

Thirty years later, Zoe Crosher captured the ways in which the airport makes its presence felt in daily life in the surrounding communities. This exhibition at ESMoA brings together dozens of their works, shot decades apart, for a unique view of a transitory space that marks the city in permanent ways. The British photojournalist Don McCullin is perhaps best known for his striking war photography — such as his images of grizzled fighters and mourning families in Vietnam.

But his range extends well beyond Southeast Asia. He is also recognized for his work chronicling disasters in what was then Biafra today part of Nigeria , the conflict in Northern Ireland and the ravages of the AIDS epidemic across the African continent. The gallery is bringing together images from various reporting assignments, including Northern Ireland and the construction of the Berlin Wall.

The gallery is also opening two other key exhibitions. The first gathers the ethereal glass cubes made by Bell, a renowned California Light and Space artist whose attention to material, transparency and reflection have earned him a spot in the pantheon of minimalism. Plus, it will include a nod to the nearby Reagan Ranch Center. The survey then goes on to include work by some of the most iconic photographers of the 20th century, such as Man Ray, Richard Avedon, Herb Rittz and Corinne Day.

This exhibition explores the work of 69, an anonymous Los Angeles fashion designer who frequently works with denim to create garments that could function as movable sculpture, articles that frequently disregard gender, size and race in the way they are constructed and presented. Pacific Design Center, Melrose Ave. The museum is featuring a suite of 27 color lithographs made by the artist in the mids, when he was just beginning to experiment with the medium — a challenging one for an artist whose work was based on the seamless, solid expression of color.

Dust permeates the air around us. Dust will bury the cities we live in when we are gone. A group exhibition at UC Riverside brings together images produced over the last century that capture the various aspects of dust. The images are both benign and destructive, featuring the natural world, but also aspects of urban decay. A sprawling exhibition of more than objects will examine the virtuosity of African blacksmiths of the 19th and 20th centuries, who forged iron objects — such as blades, elements of sculpture and musical instruments — that were as aesthetically pleasing as they were, in many cases, functional.

This is the debut of this traveling exhibition, which will then go on to the National Museum of African Art in Washington. In a lobby installation — one that takes full advantage of its size and scale — Simmons pays tribute to forgotten African American actors and films. On a black background, the L. This is the first comprehensive exhibition devoted to the late Oregon-born painter, a member of the Mad River band of Wiyot.

Bartow developed a career as an artist later in life — after his service in the Vietnam War and a period contending with PTSD. On canvas, he found inspiration, drawing from historic and contemporary European and Native American artistic traditions to create a fusion of something new: In its day, the civil rights publication La Raza, which was based in Lincoln Heights, served as a bible for the Chicano movement, covering protest, policy and everyday life for the Mexican American communities of Los Angeles.

Over the years, the paper amassed an archive of 25, images, recently digitized by the Chicano Studies Research Center.

Many are now on view as part of this PST: This is the latest collaboration between the artist-run space founded by late painter Noah Davis and the Museum of Contemporary Art Los Angeles. For 15 years, L. On long-term view; no closing date set. Union Station, N. The gripping new virtual reality experience by the Academy Award-winning director places the participant in the shoes of migrants making the arduous trek through the Sonoran Desert to reach the United States. This may sound like the trivialization of what can be a fatal journey, but it is not.

I wrote about my experience of the piece in June. One of his goals as an artist is to ultimately build a scale replica of the Hoover Dam. Now, Hawkins has installed a foot tall, fully functioning lighthouse in the Mojave Desert in the vicinity of Barstow. The piece even features a light to guide travelers through this rugged landscape. Directions and coordinates can be found on the website. On long-term view, Hinkley, Calif. Here are eight exhibition and events to check out in the coming week: An installation view of "Larry Bell: Even major aristocratic libraries had manuscripts on paper.

Paper was a Chinese invention probably of the second century and the technique of paper-making spent a thousand years slowly working its way through the Arab world to the West. By the thirteenth century there were established paper mills in Spain and Italy, and in France by about , Germany by , but probably not in England until the later fifteenth century.

Paper was exported from its place of manufacture into all parts of Europe see the Map. By about it become a relatively common medium for little volumes of sermons, cheap textbooks, popular tracts, and so on.

As late as a ruling of the University of Cambridge stipulated that only books on parchment could be accepted as security for loans. It was the invention of printing in the Is which transformed the need for paper, and by the later fifteenth century it had become so infinitely cheaper than parchment that it was used for all but the most luxurious books.

Medieval paper was made from linen rags. It is much stronger and more durable than modern wood-pulp paper, and fifteenth-century scribes were wrong if they believed that it would not survive. Rag paper is manufactured as follows. White rags are sorted and washed thoroughly in a tub pierced with drainage holes and they are then allowed to ferment for four or five days.

Then the wet disintegrating pieces are cut into scraps and beaten for some hours in clean running water, left to fester for a week, beaten again, and so on, several times over, until the mixture disintegrates into a runny water-logged pulp. It is then tipped into a huge vat. A wire frame is scooped into the vat, picking up a film of wet fibres, and it is shaken free of drips and emptied onto a sheet of felt.

Another layer of felt is laid over it. As the soggy sheets emerge and are tipped out, they are stacked in a pile of multiple sandwiches of interleaved felt and paper. Then the stack is squeezed in a press to remove excess water and the damp paper can be taken out and hung up to dry. When ready, the sheet is 'sized' by lowering it into an animal glue made from boiling scraps of vellum or other offcuts.

The size makes the paper less absorbent and allows it to take ink without running. The sheets may have to be pressed again to make them completely flat. Sometimes, especially in north-east Italy doubtless under the influence of Islamic paper manufacture the paper was polished with a smooth stone to give it a luxurious sheen. It happens that the wire frame leaves lines where the soft paper pulp is thinner, and by at least European paper-makers began twisting little patterns out of wire and attaching them to the grid so that amusing or emblematic pictures were coincidentally transferred into the thickness of the paper, invisible when the paper was stacked or folded in a book but quite clear when held up to the light.

Thus watermarks came into being as a means of distinguishing paper stocks and their makers. Before a late medieval scribe could begin to write out a manuscript, a decision had to be made whether to use paper or parchment.

Paper was cheaper and lighter and had the advantage of being supplied in sheets of an exact format. Parchment was thought to be stronger and has a slightly springy writing surface which gives an agreeable flexibility to pen strokes as compared with the unyielding flatness of writing on paper. The most beautiful and elaborate manuscripts were always on parchment, which was used for Books of Hours and other traditional books intended for a long life.

Parchment and paper as finished by the parchmenter or paper-maker are supplied in large rectangular sheets. A book is not made up of single pages, but of pairs of leaves or bifolia. Several pairs of leaves are assembled one inside another, folded vertically down the middle and they can be stitched through the middle of the central fold to make a book in its simplest form.


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In the earlier Middle Ages scribes probably assembled their gatherings and wrote in them as they worked through the transcription of a book. By the fifteenth century, at the latest, stationers were certainly selling paper and parchment already made up into gatherings.

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The Middle Ages is the period of European history that goes from the collapse of the Roman civilization to the beginning of the Renaissance, and it extends from about to ca. (“Middle Ages”).

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Middle Ages research papers cover the time-period between to AD and includes the early Renaissance period. The Middle Ages are exciting to study and contain a wide variety of research paper topics for religion, history, social sciences and philosophy research papers. The Middle Ages were the time period between ancient and modern times in Western Europe. Before the Middle Ages, Western Europe was part of the Roman Empire. After the Middle Ages, Western Europe included the Holy Roman Empire, the kingdoms of England and France, and a number of smaller states.

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Paper helped in the continuation of knowledge during the Dark Ages continue to even today Paper has left us a great impact Paper and It's Importance In the Middle Ages Shaharoz Tahir 6/8/15 Paper Today Paper today is so much in use today that every year we use pounds of paper every year. A. Writing was much easier 1. Middle Ages Music Research Papers Middle Ages Music research papers discuss the roots of music from this time period and can be found in the Gregorian Chants performed by monks in the sixth century. This is a topic suggestion on Middle Ages Music from Paper Masters.