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Term Paper: Format of Citations and References

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2. Basic Guidelines

How to Format an in Text Citation
Text Formatting
Reference List: Basic Rules

When taking notes, make sure you mark down which source the information came from. Also, try to keep all of your reference page materials in the same place, as this will save you significant time when writing your reference page.

One helpful way of keeping track of your sources is to write source cards. These are small note cards that contain all of the relevant information on a particular source. Source cards are a neat and convenient way of organizing your sources - you can store all of your source cards in a small box or folder, in alphabetical order. Track which sources you actually use. Typically, you will only include the resources you actually cited or paraphrased in your paper on your reference page.

Therefore it's important to make a note of which references you actually cite within your paper and which references you merely use for background reading. However, in some instances, you may also need to reference sources that were beneficial to your argument, but that you didn't end up citing in the paper. These sources shouldn't be listed on the reference page itself, but on a separate page, such as the Modern Language Association's "Work Consulted" page.

It is more common to use only a "Works Cited" page, therefore you should only include a "Works Consulted"page if your teacher or professor requests it. Place your reference page at the end of your paper. Your reference page comes at the end of your paper, usually before any appendices or glossaries.

Place the reference page on a new page directly after the end of your paper. Format each reference according to the appropriate style guide. Begin inputting your resources according to the standard required by your school.

You'll find examples of each of these styles in the section below. Each will have you create slightly different references, though you will use the same basic information. Alphabetize your reference page by the authors' last names.

Once you have typed up all of the references, organize them according to the authors' last names. If a source doesn't have an author, use the first part of the title to alphabetize it.

When you have multiple works by the same author, you can also use the title to decide which reference comes first in an alphabetized list. Make sure to include every resource you used in your paper. A reference page is a compilation of all of your cited sources. Forgetting to provide a reference for a source you cited in your paper could leave you open to charges of plagiarism, even if it was accidental.

Use the correct spacing and indentation. After you have written your reference page, you'll need to revise it to ensure the formatting is correct. Two basic formatting considerations are as follows: Double-space your reference page just as you double-spaced the rest of your paper. Hanging indentation is when the first line of each reference is all the way over to the left, while any subsequent lines are indented. Learn how to reference books according to the appropriate style guide.

In the following examples, "Georgina Roberts" is the author, and "Eating Pie for Dinner" is the title of the book. The date of publication is Eating Pie for Dinner. Great Books for Eating, Eating pie for dinner. Great Books for Eating. This area also includes materials on evaluating research sources. These OWL resources will help you use the research you have conducted in your documents. This area includes material on quoting and paraphrasing your research sources, as well as material on how to avoid plagiarism.

This section contains resources on in-text citation and the References page, as well as APA sample papers, slide presentations, and the APA classroom poster. This section contains resources on in-text citation and the Works Cited page, as well as MLA sample papers, slide presentations, and the MLA classroom poster.

This section contains information on the Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation. These resources follow the 17th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in Purdue Online Writing Lab.

Common Words that Sound Alike Numbers: Text Elements Visual Rhetoric: Process and Materials Overview: An Introduction Researching Programs: Practical Considerations Researching Programs: Drafting Your Statement Statements of Purpose: The Basics In-Text Citations: Basic Rules Reference List:

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The reference page is a crucial element of your research paper; it helps you prevent plagiarism, and it proves you did your research. By providing publication information about the sources that helped you write your paper, the reference page both grants proper credit to other researchers and demonstrates your own scholarly diligence, thereby inducting you into the world of academia.

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Create a list of references, one for each item cited in the paper, in a section called "References". This section goes at the end of your paper. The references are to be alphabetized by the fist author's last name, or (if no author is listed) the organization or title.

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APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in . This section contains resources on in-text citation and the Works Cited page, as well as MLA sample papers, slide presentations, and the MLA classroom poster. Chicago Manual of Style. This section contains information on the Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation.

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Citing References in Scientific Research Papers. Compiled by Timothy T. Allen, revised This paper greatly expands upon a handout originally prepared by an unknown author for distribution to students in introductory earth science courses at Dartmouth College. The MLA style in text citation has two variations, the author/page number, although the modern trend is for author/year/page number, such as (Sargeant , 17) If there are more than two authors listed, then the usual standard is to mention both (Sargeant & McEvoy, ).